The researchers who form the Freedom from Violence initiative at ICLA will be involved over the coming months in drafting the text of South Africa’s National Report on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGR) with respect to SDG-16, the goal aimed at promoting peaceful and inclusive societies, providing access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
What has been the influence to date of the main United Nations human rights treaties, and the work of the committees that monitor compliance by States with these treaties, on the lives of people worldwide? A group of human rights researchers are currently engaged in a comprehensive ‘domestic impact study’ that will address this question in 20 countries.
Given the centrality of Hague Law to the prosecution and impact of armed conflict, the relative paucity of dedicated works is surprising. The general formulation of Hague Law rules is largely uncontroversial, but this clarity stands in stark contrast to their interpretation and practical application.
Dr Stuart Maslen is an international lawyer specialising on use of force. He has worked for the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, Norwegian People’s Aid, the International Committee of the Red Cross, UNICEF, and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. He was the primary researcher for the UN (Machel) Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children and was the first coordinator of the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers. Among his publications are Weapons Under International Human Rights Law (2014, editor) and Nuclear Weapons Under International Law (2014, co-editor), both published by Cambridge University Press; and A Commentary on the Convention on Cluster Munitions (2010, co-editor) and A Commentary on the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (2004, author), both published by Oxford University Press. He has twice edited The War Report, published by OUP in 2013 and 2014, which identifies all armed conflicts in the previous calendar year. He is currently co-authoring a legal commentary on the UN Arms Trade Treaty to be published by OUP at the end of 2015.