LLB (Bristol) LLM (Essex) MSc (Cranfield) PhD (Tilburg)
Home Department: Centre for Human Rights

Stuart is honorary professor of international law in the Faculty of Law. He teaches the law of armed conflict, international human rights law, disarmament law, jus ad bellum, counterterrorism law, the sources of public international law, and the protection of civilians.

He previously served as Head of Research of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. He has also worked for the International Committee of the Red Cross, UNICEF, and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva.

Teaching 2021-2022

During 2021, Stuart taught in the Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa master’s programme. In 2022, he is teaching a course on “international crime and punishment” at the Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences-Po).

Areas of interest: The use of force, counterterrorism, and protection of civilians under international law



Accepted for publication


International Law and Policy on the Protection of Civilians, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, forthcoming (September 2022) (co-author).

The Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions in Context, Oxford University Press, Oxford, forthcoming (2022) (co-author).

International Counterterrorism Law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, forthcoming (2023).

Chapter in books

“The Use of Less-Lethal Weapons for Law Enforcement during Armed Conflict”, Chapter in G. Gaggioli Gasteyger and R. Kolb (eds), Research Handbook on Human Rights and IHL: Further Reflections and Perspectives, Edward Elgar, forthcoming (2022).

“The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction”, Chap. 25 in E. P. J. Myjer and T. Marauhn (eds.), Research Handbook on International Arms Control Law, Edward Elgar, forthcoming (2022).

Published during the last five years


The Right to Life under International Law: An Interpretive Manual, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, September 2021 (with Foreword by Professor Heyns)

Arms Control and Disarmament, Oxford University Press, Oxford, October 2021.

Nuclear Weapons: Law, Policy and Practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, November 2021.

Jus ad Bellum: The Law on Inter-State Use of Force, Hart, Oxford, 2020

A Guide to Disarmament International Law, Research in the Law in Armed Conflict Series, Routledge London, 2019 (co-author)

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons: A Commentary, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2019.

Hague Law Interpreted: The Conduct of Hostilities under the Law of Armed Conflict, Hart, Oxford, 2018 (with Steven Haines).

Drones and Other Unmanned Weapons Systems under International Law, Brill, 2018 (co-author).

Police Use of Force under International Law, Cambridge University Press, 2017 (co-author).

The Arms Trade Treaty: A Commentary, Oxford University Press, 2016 (co-author).

Chapters in books

“Weapons”, Chap. 11 in D. Akande and B. Saul (eds), Oxford Guide to International Humanitarian Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2020.

“Children Associated with Boko Haram: Disassociation, Protection, Accountability and Reintegration”, Chap. 24 in M. Drumbl and J. Barrett (eds), Research Handbook on Child Soldiers, Edward Elgar, 2019.

‘Regulating Armed Drones and Other Emerging Weapons Technologies’, Chap. 4 in M. Lattimer and P. Sands (eds), The Grey Zone: Civilian Protection Between Human Rights and the Laws of War, Hart, Oxford, June 2018.

‘International Law and the Prevention of War’, Chap. 14 in W. H. Wiist and S. K. White (eds), Preventing War and Promoting Peace: A Guide for Health Professionals, Cambridge University Press, 2017.


“Investigating Potentially Unlawful Death under International Law: The 2016 Minnesota Protocol”, The International Lawyer, January 2019 (co-author).

Weapons entries in N. Pons and D. Djukic (eds), Companion of International Humanitarian Law, Brill, Leiden, 2018

‘Use of Nuclear Weapons and Human Rights’, International Review of the Red Cross, 2016.

Doctoral students co-supervised

Fikire Tinsae Birhane is proposing a study of the right to life of children in non-State armed groups.

Alero Itohan Fenemigho (Nigeria) is studying counter-terrorism policing in Africa under international law 

Joe Kilonzo is studying a human rights framework for in new generation programmes of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programmes

Oluwaseyitan (Debbie) Solademi is proposing a study on assessing the inclusivity of women in countering violent extremism programmes in Africa

Brenda Mwale (Kenya) is studying the prevention and repression of cyber-terrorism in Africa 

Beryl Orao focuses on the use of force and firearms in the policing of assemblies in Kenya and the question of accountability of law enforcement officers

Bayode Ajo-Ojo is studying the ratification and domestic incorporation of the prohibition of torture in Nigeria.

[last updated: 08 March 2022]