Dr. Thompson Chengeta studied law at Harvard Law School (LLM), University of Pretoria (LLD & LLM) and Midlands State University (LLB). Thompson is a non-resident fellow at the Institute of International and Comparative Law in Africa, University of Pretoria. Currently, he is a European Research Council Fellow on Drone Violence and Artificial Intelligence Ethics. Based at the University of Southampton, Thompson undertakes research and project-related leadership of Work Package 5 on autonomous weapon systems. Work Package 5 is part of the research project on “Emergent Ethics of Drone Violence: Toward a Comprehensive Governance Framework (DRONETHICS)” led by Professor Christian Enemark and funded through the European Research Council (ERC) Horizon 2020 Consolidator Grant scheme.
Thompson is an Executive Board Member of the Foundation for Responsible Robotics (FRR) where he focuses on responsible regulation of robotics and AI as the final pillar in making use of rapidly advancing technology in an ethical manner. In this mission, effective regulation is not aimed at restricting the use of robots, but ensuring that the way they are implemented in society is done with due regard to human rights and does not create or amplify social injustice. It also means facilitating the ethical use of technology through proactive and cross-sector policy, rather than attempting to impose regulations after the technology has been released and put to use.
Thompson also serves as a legal expert member of the International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons – an independent and interdisciplinary panel of international experts working in the framework of the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. He also serves as an international law expert for the International Committee for Robots Arms Control. He also provides legal expertise to the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots and a number of African States on disarmament issues.
Thompson also teaches in the LLM/MPhil (Human Rights & Democratisation in Africa) presented by the Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria. He is an Adjunct Senior Lecturer at Midlands State University where he teaches in the LLM Constitutional and Human Rights Law Program. In 2018, Thompson was a Visiting Scholar at the Bonavero Institute of Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Oxford.
Thompson has lectured and presented seminars in public international law, international humanitarian law, international human rights law, international criminal law, constitutional law, criminal Law, Roman-Dutch law and jurisprudence at institutions such as Midlands State University, Harvard Law School, Stanford Law School, Emory Law School, University of Johannesburg and University of Pretoria.
He has published in the above-mentioned fields in peer-reviewed journals such as the Harvard International Law Journal, European Journal of International Law, Brooklyn Journal of International Law and the New York University Journal of International Law and Policy. The United Kingdom Parliament’s Joint Committee on Human Rights has previously relied on Thompson’s research output on the topic of armed drones and international law. On the topic of autonomous weapon systems and international law, Thompson’s research is listed in the Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict’s bibliography.
For a number of times, Thompson has presented to the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts and also to state delegates at the United Nations on the topic of autonomous weapon systems and the law. Thompson also speaks to journalists, media houses and the general public on the topic of autonomous weapon systems and international law.
Since 2012, Thompson authors the hypothetical cases of the Nelson Mandela World Human Rights Moot Court Competition that is organised by the Centre for Human Rights and the United Nations (UN) Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Previously, Thompson has worked on the mandate of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extra-judicial killings and has experience with the OHCHR and the International Criminal Court.
Thompson’s current research projects are on autonomous weapons systems; violence, law and Artificial Intelligence; the ethics of use of force through artificial intelligence applications. He has forthcoming books on international law, ethics and autonomous weapon systems and populism, constitutionalism and international law.
[last updated: 4 May 2020]