Edited by Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, Naomi Cahn, Dina Francesca & Nahla Valji


ICLA contribution: Chapter on ‘Unmanned Weapons: Looking for the Gender Dimension’ by Christof Heyns with Tess Borden

About the publication

Traditionally, much of the work studying war and conflict has focused on men. Men commonly appear as soldiers, commanders, casualties, and civilians. Women, by contrast, are invisible as combatants, and, when seen, are typically pictured as victims. The field of war and conflict studies is changing: more recently, scholars of war and conflict have paid increasing notice to men as a gendered category and given sizeable attention to women's multiple roles in conflict and post-conflict settings.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict focuses on the multidimensionality of gender in conflict, yet it also prioritizes the experience of women, given both the changing nature of war and the historical de-emphasis on women's experiences. Today's wars are not staged encounters involving formal armies, but societal wars that operate at all levels, from house to village to city. Women are necessarily involved at each level. Operating from this basic intellectual foundation, the editors have arranged the volume into seven core sections: the theoretical foundations of the role of gender in violent conflicts; the sources for studying contemporary conflict; the conflicts themselves; the post-conflict process; institutions and actors; the challenges presented by the evolving nature of war; and, finally, a substantial set of case studies from across the globe. Genuinely comprehensive, this Handbook will not only serve as an authoritative overview of this massive topic, it will set the research agenda for years to come.

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Table of Contents

Editors and Contributors Biographies
I. Background and Context

  1. Theories of War
    Laura Sjoberg
  2. From Women and War to Gender and Conflict? Feminist Trajectories
    Dubravka Zarkov
  3. The Silences in the Rules that Regulate Women during Times of Armed Conflict
    Judith Gardam
  4. How Should we Explain the Recurrence of Violent Conflict, and What Might Gender Have to do with it?
    Judy El-Bushra
  5. The Gendered Nexus Between Conflict and Citizenship in Historical Perspective
    Jo Butterfield and Elizabeth Heineman
  6. Violent Conflict and Changes in Gender Economic Roles: Implications for Post-Conflict Economic Recovery
    Patricia Justino
  7. Men As Victims
    Chris Dolan

    II. The Security Council's WPS Agenda/Contemporary Survey
  8. Women, Peace and Security: A Critical Analysis of the Security Council's Vision
    Dianne Otto
  9. Participation and Protection: Security Council Dynamics, Bureaucratic Politics and the Evolution of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
    Anne Marie Goetz and Rob Jenkins
  10. A Critical Genealogy of the Centrality of Sexual Violence to Gender and Conflict
    Karen Engle
  11. 1325 +15 = Reflections on the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
    Kimberly Theidon
  12. Complemenentarity and Convergence? Women, Peace and Security and the Counterterrorism Agenda
    Naureen Chowdhury Fink and Alison Davidian
  13. Convergence Between CEDAW and Security Council Resolution 1325: Unlocking the Potential of CEDAW as an Important Accountability Tool for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
    Pramilla Patten
  14. Indicators and Benchmarks
    Pablo Castillo-Diaz and Hanny Cueva-Beteta

    III. Legal and Political Elements
  15. Humanitarian Intervention and Gender Dynamics
    Gina Heathcote
  16. (Re)Considering the Gender Jurisprudence of Conflict
    Patricia Viseur Sellers
  17. Complementarity as a Catalyst for Gender Justice in National Prosecutions
    Amrita Kapur
  18. Forced Marriage During Conflict and Mass Atrocity
    Valerie Oosterveld
  19. Advancing Justice and Making Amends through Reparations - Legal and Operational Considerations
    Kristin Kalla
  20. Colonialism
    Amina Mama
  21. Conflict, Displacement and Refugees
    Lucy Hovil
  22. Gender and Forms of Conflict; The Moral Hazards of Dating the Security Council
    Vasuki Nesiah

    IV. Conflict and Post-Conflict Space
  23. The Marital Rape of Girls and Women in Antiquity and Modernity
    Kathy L. Gaca
  24. "Mind the Gap:" Measuring and Understanding Gendered Conflict Experiences
    Amelia Hoover Green
  25. Intersectionality: Working in Conflict
    Eilish Rooney
  26. Agency and Gender Norms in War Economies
    Patti Petesch
  27. Risk and Resilience: The Physical and Mental Health of Female Civilians During War
    Lauren C. Ng and Theresa S. Betancourt
  28. The Gender Implications of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Conflict Situations
    Barbara Frey
  29. Unmanned Weapons: Looking for the Gender Dimension
    Christof Heyns and Tess Borden
  30. Gender and Peacekeeping
    Sabrina Karim and Marsha Henry
  31. Peacekeeping, Human Trafficking, and Sexual Abuse and Exploitation
    Martina Vandenberg
  32. Women, Peace Negotiations and Peace Agreements: Opportunities and Challenges
    Christine Bell
  33. Women's Organizations and Peace Initiatives
    Aili Mari Tripp
  34. Gender and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: Reviewing and Advancing the Field
    Dyan Mazurana, Roxanne Krystalli and Anton Baaré
  35. Decolonial feminism, gender and transitional justice
    Pascha Bueno-Hansen
  36. Gender and Governance in post-conflict and democratizing settings
    Lisa Kindervater and Sheila Meintjes

    V. Case Studies
  37. Who Defines the Red Lines? The Prospects for Safeguarding Women's Rights and Securing their Future in Post-Transition Afghanistan
    Sari Kouvo and Corey Levine
  38. "That's Not my Daughter": The Paradoxes of Documenting Jihadist Mass Rape in 1990's Algeria and Beyond
    Karima Bennoune
  39. Consequences of Conflict Related Sexual Violence on Post-Conflict Society: Case Study of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Lejla Hadzimesic
  40. Colombia: Gender and Land Restitution
    Donny Meertens
  41. Knowing Gender and/in Armed Conflict?: Reflections from Research in the DRC
    Maria Eriksson Baaz and Maria Stern
  42. Northern Ireland: The Significance of A Bottom Up Women's Movement in a Politically Contested Society
    Monica McWilliams and Avila Kilmurray
  43. Gendered Suffering and the Eviction of the Native: The Politics of Birth in Occupied East Jerusalem
    Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian
  44. Rwanda: Women's Political Participation in Post-Conflict State-Building
    Doris Buss and Jerusa Ali
  45. Sri Lanka: The Impact of Militarization on Women
    Ambika Satkunanathan