With legal support from the Sterling Centre for Law & Development, the families of West African migrants assisted by ANEKED, filed complaints on November 18 against the governments of Ghana and The Gambia before the ECOWAS Community Court of Justice for infringing several international human rights, including the right to judicial remedies.
As in any branch of international law, examining the meaning of a law of armed conflict (LOAC) term, and its incorporation in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, should look first to the treaties—and “attack” is no different. Indeed, as is well known, the notion of “attacks” is explicitly defined in Article 49 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I as “acts of violence against the adversary, whether in offence or in defence.” A seemingly broad definition, it is certainly clear and concise. One might thus be tempted to end an inquiry of the law there.
On 17 September 2020, Prof Dire Tladi was appointed to serve as the President of the South African Branch of the International Law Association (SABILA). SABILA is a chapter of the International Law Association (ILA), an organisation that brings together international lawyers from all over the world dedicated to the "study, clarification and development of international law" and the "furtherance of international understanding and the respect of international law".
The Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa (ICLA) is a research institute located in the Faculty of Law of the University of Pretoria. The ICLA was established at the beginning of 2011 and is located in a beautifully renovated house with wooden floors next to the Law Building. The Institute houses an extensive collection of antique furniture and art and also serves as the Christo Coetzee museum.
ICLA houses staff members from various departments in the Faculty of Law, as well as visitors and post-graduate students. A total of 43 doctoral students are currently registered with ICLA staff members and 30 have completed their doctoral studies. The main focus of ICLA is on international and domestic law in Africa, but it also has a broader focus on international law beyond the borders of the continent.